Answer. Insect repellents work by discouraging insects from biting, from landing on, or even coming close to the surface where it is applied. Generally they will repel insects at short distances, so even though you may see them nearby, more than likely they will not land on you if you are protected.
Insect repellents work on the insect's olfactory senses in the following two ways:
By masking the human scent and releasing an odor unappealing to the insect or
The ingredients in the repellent cause the insect's sensors to malfunction, thus confusing them so they don't land and bite.
Answer. Insects are an important part of the eco-system and we must co-exist. However we also need to protect ourselves from unwarranted exposure to diseases spread by an insect bite for example, West Nile Virus from mosquitoes, Lyme disease from ticks or an allergic reaction to an insects bite.
You should also take other preventative when venturing into insect infested environs for example, wearing long sleeves and pants with socks and in extreme case a mosquito net hat may be advisable.
Safety first, whether you're going for a walk in your backyard or on the AT.
Answer. The short answer is no, however 45ºN 68ºW Natural Insect Repellent has been proven effective against most of the commonly found insects including flies, ticks, gnats, no-see-ums, flees as well as mosquitoes. It has long been recognized and documented that insects are the most diverse group of organisms, meaning that the numbers of species of insects are more than any other group. In the world, some 900 thousand different kinds of living insects are known. This representation approximates 80 percent of the world's species. The true figure of living species of insects can only be estimated from present and past studies. Most authorities agree that there are more insect species that have not been described (named by science) than there are insect species that have been previously named. Conservative estimates suggest that this figure is 2 million, but estimates extend to 30 million. (Source: Smithsonian Institute).
Answer. It means that all active and inactive ingredients are of botanical origin and are derived from natural sources. Insects are a part of the outdoors experience, however keeping them from biting and possibly transmitting diseases can be accomplished safely with our products. For those seeking a safe alternative to potentially dangerous synthetic repellents, we offer an attractive alternative.
Answer.Frequency and uniformity of application.
Activity level of the user: The effectiveness of a repellent is reduced by evaporation and absorption from the skin surface and wash-off by sweat.
Environmental conditions: Rain or water, washing the repellent off the body, wind and high ambient temperatures will reduce a product's effectiveness.
User's overall attractiveness to blood-feeding arthropods like mosquitoes: Yes, some people are unfortunately more attractive to mosquitoes.
Number and species of blood-feeding arthropods like mosquitoes in any given area.
Answer. 45ºN 68ºW line of natural products is developed out of our passion of the outdoors and environmental conservation. The concept for developing a line of personal protection products for the outdoor enthusiast was conceived while hiking on the Appalachian Trail in the Harriman Park System a few years ago.
Our brand "45ºN 68ºWTM" is a tribute to Katahdin, the Appalachian Trail and the Hudson Valley Region.
45ºN 68ºWTM signifies the coordinates of the Northern Terminus of the Appalachian Trail (45°54′15.68″N 68°55′16.59″ W/ 45.9043556°N 68.921275°W) located on Katahdin in Baxter State Park, Maine. Katahdin named so by the Penobscot Indians literally means "The Greatest Mountain". It has inspired hikes, climbs, painting, a piano sonata and our line of personal protection products.
The Appalachian Trail (aka AT) is a continuous marked footpath that goes from Katahdin in Maine to Springer Mountain in Georgia, a distance of about approx. 2181 miles (the distance changes year to year as part of the trail may need to be relocated due to various reasons). The origins of the Trail are attributed to Benton Mackaye, who envisioned and campaigned for the trail in the 1920s, recognized that "the ability to cope with nature directly—unshielded by the weakening wall of civilization—is one of the admitted needs of modern times." More than 70 years later, the Appalachian Trail pulls the imagination of millions stuck in the daily grind of the crowded eastern seaboard—and elsewhere. The trail beckons for us to get away. Spend a day, or a week, or a season on the trail. There are few areas of this country that have the same kind of historical significance as the Hudson Valley. This was one of the first areas that were colonized during the exploration of the new world. This was also a very important area in this nation's struggle for freedom in its formative years. Over the years this is an area that has seen the best of society and some difficult times as well. The Hudson Valley is a pristine and beautiful area with rolling hills and the scenic Hudson River that at one time earned the nickname of "America's Rhine." On October 7, 1923, the first section of the Appalachian Trail, from Bear Mountain west through Harriman State Park to Arden, New York was opened.
Answer. 45ºN 68ºW Natural Insect Repellent uses premium quality, pharmaceutical grade botanical oils in the formulation. Aluminum bottles are ideal for packaging essential oils and have been used successfully for decades. Aluminum bottles provide superior protection from spoilage and have added advantage of being lightweight, leak-proof, vapor-proof and tamper-proof, ensuring the quality of the essential oils and flavors and preventing contamination.
Answer. We engage in an on-going dialogue with our customers - the outdoor enthusiasts - the general consensus indicated that 4 fl. Oz/118 ml size is preferred due to convenience and portability. A refill pack is in consideration.
Answer. Yes, however local laws vary by local ordinance; please check with the agency governing your area.
Answer. Lemon Eucalyptus is highly recommended by CDC for clothing & skin to guard against biting insects. In two recent scientific publications, when products containing oil of lemon eucalyptus were tested against mosquitoes found in the US they provided protection similar to repellents with low concentrations of DEET.
Neem It is a unique natural insect repellent, native to Indian sub-continent. For thousands of years, every part of the tree has been used and appreciated for its medicinal and insect-repellent properties. Neem extracts have been studied extensively by the U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, and have been developed into natural commercial pesticides which are safe for use on food crops. Anti-bacterial.
Rosemary Credited with insect repellent properties.
Witch Hazel Skin Protectant, Astringent and Antiseptic for cuts and bruises.
Glycerin A rich Humectant (water-attracting/binding ingredient), emulsifier, and emollient naturally derived from vegetable fats. Draws moisture to the skin, and is water-soluble. Hydrator.
Citronella A plant-based insect repellent, and has been registered for this use in the United States since 1948. Antifungal properties.
Distilled Water Water with no impurities, heavy metals or fluorides. Essential oils should not be applied in concentrated strength, serves as a diluting agent. Polysorbate - Surfactant, a non-toxic oily liquid derived from oleic acid (fatty acid from plant source only) that serves to disperse oils in water.
Answer. Yes, it is manufactured in New York employing GMP (Good Manufacturing Practices) and we have a zero incident safe facility.
Answer. Insectometer TM indicates an insect threat level in a certain geographical region based on various guidelines. The color on the INSECTOMETER TM correlates to the products strength level listed next to the grid. The specific color is then reinforced next to the 45ºN 68ºW logo making it easier for the consumer to select the correct product for a specific application. This theme will be carried across our entire product spectrum.
Answer. Trademarks protect "words, names, symbols, sounds, or colors that distinguish goods and services from those manufactured or sold by others and to indicate the source of the goods. Trademarks, unlike patents, can be renewed forever as long as they are being used in commerce." We claim the rights in these marks and want to alert the public to our claim; we have filed an application with the USPTO and is pending approval.
It is a violation of Federal law to use this product in a manner inconsistent with its labeling. Read all instructions before reading this product.
SHAKE WELL BEFORE USE.
For best results spray evenly on skin from approximately 4 inches. Apply every 3.5 hours or more often as needed. For protection against ticks, reapply every two hours. Use in well- ventilated areas and outdoors only. Apply liberally to all exposed skin, especially arms, legs, ankles, behind neck at least 15 minutes before venturing outdoors.
Do not apply to eyes or mouth, and apply sparingly around ears. When using sprays, DO NOT spray directly on face
Answer. The benefits of our product may last longer than the recommended time period however we highly suggest reapplication every 3.5 hours for most insects and 2 hours for ticks. As mentioned earlier your individual body chemistry, weather conditions, level of physical exertion etc. are some of the factors that determine length of effectiveness.
Answer. As with all botanicals, be mindful of allergic reactions. Do a "sniff" and skin test at home before a full body application. If you or your child develops a rash or any other adverse reaction from an insect repellent, stop using the repellent, wash the repellent off with mild soap and water, and call a local poison control center for further guidance. If you go to a doctor because of the repellent, take the repellent with you to show the doctor. After returning indoors, always wash treated skin with soap and water or bathe. This is particularly important when repellents are used repeatedly in a day or on consecutive days.
Answer. Even though the ingredients are deemed safe for human usage, however as per CDC (Communicable Diseases Center) guidelines it is not recommended for children under 3 years of age. Please consult your primary care physician or pediatrician. - See more at: http://www.45n68w.com/faq.php#sthash.p1sNaQPE.dpuf
Answer. In a 4 fluid oz/118 ml bottle there are approximately 650 actuations. - See more at: http://www.45n68w.com/faq.php#sthash.p1sNaQPE.dpuf
Answer. Individual activations are based on the amount of exposed skin and also depend on the number of re-applications per day. However an average application of 45 actuations will protect 15 individual or group applications. - See more at: http://www.45n68w.com/faq.php#sthash.p1sNaQPE.dpuf
Eyes: Rinse eyes thoroughly for 15-20 minutes,
Skin: May cause irritation in rare cases rinse thoroughly with water for 15-20 minutes.
If Swallowed: Do not try to induce vomiting unless otherwise advised by poison control center and/or doctor. Do not give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.
In case of an emergency call poison control center and/or a doctor. If you have a poison emergency or a question about poisons and you're in the United States, call 1-800-222-1222. This toll-free number will put you in touch with the poison control center in your state. - See more at: http://www.45n68w.com/faq.php#sthash.p1sNaQPE.dpuf
Answer. The product has not been registered by the U.S. EPA. It qualifies for exemption from regulation under FIFRA, 40 CFR, Sec. 152.25 (g) (1) (2) and (3) minimum risk pesticides. - See more at: http://www.45n68w.com/faq.php#sthash.p1sNaQPE.dpuf
Answer. 45ºN 68ºW Natural Insect Repellent is available nationwide in outdoor specialty stores and directly from the manufacturer on our Amazon Webstore at http://45n-68w.amazonwebstore.com/ - See more at: http://www.45n68w.com/faq.php#sthash.p1sNaQPE.dpuf
Answer. Amazon is a reputable seller, provides us a platform to manage our relationship with you - our customers. You can have complete peace of mind and shop with ease knowing that your financial payment information (credit card number, expiration, billing address etc.) is completely secure. All the payment related information is retained by Amazon.com and is not transmitted to, or shared with any of their partners. Upon successful completion of your transaction, Amazon settles with our firm separately. - See more at: http://www.45n68w.com/faq.php#sthash.p1sNaQPE.dpuf
Answer. We are confident about our products effectiveness and offer complete money back guarantee if you are not satisfied. Please send an e-mail via Amazon or directly to orders@45N68W.com please include the order number and reason for dissatisfaction. We will issue a RA (Return Authorization) and complete refund of what you paid for the product (excluding shipping charges). Also see our detailed return policy. - See more at: http://www.45n68w.com/faq.php#sthash.p1sNaQPE.dpuf
Answer. Please sign up on our website or send us an e-mail at hiking@45N68W.com. We respect your privacy, will treat it with respect and promise not to inundate you with unnecessary e-mails. We also anticipate hosting "Members Only" events and will update you periodically.
You can also follow-us on Twitter.com/45N68W or view our blog at 45N68W.wordpress.com
How to use insect repellents Safely? (EPA)
West Nile Virus (New York City Dept. of Health & Mental Hygiene)
Insect Repellent Use and Safety (EPA)
What you need to know about mosquito repellent (CDC)
WHAT IF I HAVE QUESTIONS THAT ARE NOT LISTED HERE?
Please email us at hiking@45N68W.com and we aim to satisfy any of your product related concerns.